Echocardiographic assessment of pulmonary artery systolic pressure following treadmill stress testing Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The use of treadmill stress echocardiography (SE) for the diagnosis of nascent pulmonary hypertension (PH) has been hampered by a lack of well-defined, post-exercise pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) values across representative age groups in a normal cohort.Five hundred and eleven subjects (mean age: 53 ±14, 68% female) with normal resting PASP were included in the study. All participants performed treadmill exercise using the Bruce protocol to a high level of perceived exertion. PASP was calculated before and immediately after exercise using Doppler assessment of tricuspid regurgitation. For the cohort, post-exercise PASP was 39 ± 7 mmHg (range: 23-64 mmHg) representing an increase of 11 ± 6 mmHg (44%) from resting values (P < 0.001). The 95th centile values for post-exercise PASP were calculated for the following age cohorts: <30 years; 46 mmHg, 31-50 years; 50 mmHg, 51-70 years; 52 mmHg, >70 years; 53 mmHg. There was a modest independent correlation between post-exercise PASP and (i) increasing age and (ii) resting PASP (r2 = 0.35 and 0.49, respectively, P = 0.01).An increase of post-exercise PASP was seen in all patients undergoing SE in this study. Age was directly correlated with post-exercise PASP. Using normative data from healthy controls, treadmill SE-derived post-exercise PASP may be a useful adjunct in the diagnosis of PH.

authors

  • Khan, AA
  • Al-Omary, M
  • Renner, I
  • Ul Haque, E
  • Ekmejian, A
  • Hussain, M
  • Quiqueree, L
  • Collins, NJ
  • Turner, S

publication date

  • 2017