International Olympic Committee Consensus Statement: Molecular Basis of Connective Tissue and Muscle Injuries in Sport Academic Article uri icon


  • Tendon and ligament injures cause significant loss of performance in sport and decreased functional capacity in the workplace. Many of these injures remain difficult to treat, and many individuals have long-term pain and discomfort. Animal studies of growth factor and cell-based therapies have shown promising results, but these treatments also can be misused to enhance athletic performance. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) now has high-level scientific advisors who can advise the IOC as to the use and abuse of these technologies.


  • Ljungqvist, Arne
  • Schwellnus, Martin P
  • Bachl, Norbert
  • Collins, Malcolm
  • Cook, J
  • Khan, KM
  • Maffulli, Nicola
  • Pitsiladis, Y
  • Riley, G
  • Golspink, G
  • Venter, D
  • Derman, EW
  • Engebretsen, L
  • Volpi, P

publication date

  • January 2008