High-resolution phase imaging of phase singularities in the focal region of a lens Academic Article uri icon


  • Subwavelength-resolution phase images of phase dislocations at the focal region of a 20x , 0.4-N.A. lens have been obtained by use of an optical fiber interferometer with a tapered probe in one arm. A phase-stepping algorithm is used to determine a quantitative value of the phase at each point in the scan, clearly showing the presence of edge dislocations between the Airy rings of the diffraction pattern near the lens focus, as well as four isolated screw-type singularties caused by astigmatism in the lens.


publication date

  • March 1, 2002

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