Rab/Ypt GTPases play key roles in the regulation of vesicular trafficking. They perform most of their functions in a GTP-bound form by interacting with specific downstream effectors. The exocyst is a complex of eight polypeptides involved in constitutive secretion and functions as an effector for multiple Ras-related small GTPases, including the Rab protein Sec4p in yeast. In this study, we have examined the localization and function of the Sec15 exocyst subunit in mammalian cells. Overexpressed Sec15 associated with clusters of tubular/vesicular elements that were concentrated in the perinuclear region. The tubular/vesicular clusters were dispersed throughout the cytoplasm upon treatment with the microtubule-depolymerizing agent nocodazole and were accessible to endocytosed transferrin, but not exocytic cargo (vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein). Consistent with these observations, Sec15 colocalized selectively with the recycling endosome marker Rab11 and exhibited a GTP-dependent interaction with the Rab11 GTPase, but not with Rab4, Rab6, or Rab7. These findings provide the first evidence that the exocyst functions as a Rab effector complex in mammalian cells.