Landing biomechanics are not immediately altered by a single-dose patellar tendon isometric exercise protocol in male athletes with patellar tendinopathy: A single-blinded randomized cross-over trial
OBJECTIVES:To a) determine the acute effects of a single-dose patellar tendon isometric exercise protocol on involved limb landing biomechanics in individuals with patellar tendinopathy and asymptomatic patellar tendon pathology, and b) determine if individuals with patellar tendinopathy demonstrated changes in pain following a single-dose patellar tendon isometric exercise protocol. DESIGN:Single-blinded randomized cross-over trial. SETTING:Laboratory; PARTICIPANTS: 28 young male athletes with symptomatic (n = 13, age: 19.62 ± 1.61) and asymptomatic (n = 15, age: 21.13 ± 1.88) patellar tendinopathy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Participants completed a single-dose patellar tendon isometric exercise protocol and a sham-TENS protocol, randomized and separated by 7-10 days. Pain-levels during a single-limb decline squat (SLDS) and three-dimensional biomechanics were collected during a double-limb jump-landing task before and after each intervention protocol. A mixed-model repeated measures ANOVA was conducted to compare change scores for all dependent variables. RESULTS:There were no group × intervention interactions for change in pain (F(1, 26) = 0.555, p = 0.463). There was one significant group × intervention interaction for vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) (F(1, 26) = 5.33, p = 0.029). However, post-hoc testing with Bonferroni correction demonstrated no statistical significance for group (SYM: t = -1.679, p = 0.119; ASYM: t = -1.7, p = 0.107) or intervention condition (isometric: t = -2.58, p = 0.016; sham-TENS: 0.72, p = 0.460). There were no further significant group × intervention interactions (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS:A single-dose patellar tendon isometric exercise protocol did not have acute effects on landing biomechanics or pain levels in male athletes with patellar tendinopathy or asymptomatic patellar tendon pathology.