Current methods inadequate in assessing the association between junk food intake and metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents: letter to editor Academic Article uri icon


  • It is of great interest to understand how diet may influence the onset and progression of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in pediatric age groups, as MetS in childhood and adolescence is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type-2 diabetes in adulthood. Recently, Azemati and colleagues (2020) reported no association between junk food intake and MetS in Iranian children and adolescents aged 7-18 years; however, we have identified some methodological limitations in this study, which are important to consider when examining MetS risk, especially in samples of this age. In response, we have developed a letter to the editor detailing the issues associated with defining MetS in pediatric age groups and how pubertal maturation and visceral adipose tissue are important variables to assess.

publication date

  • January 1, 2020