Apo AI Nanoparticles Delivered Post Myocardial Infarction Moderate Inflammation Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Rationale: Decades of research have examined immune-modulatory strategies to protect the heart after an acute myocardial infarction and prevent progression to heart failure but have failed to translate to clinical benefit. Objective: To determine anti-inflammatory actions of n-apo AI (Apo AI nanoparticles) that contribute to cardiac tissue recovery after myocardial infarction. Methods and Results: Using a preclinical mouse model of myocardial infarction, we demonstrate that a single intravenous bolus of n-apo AI (CSL111, 80 mg/kg) delivered immediately after reperfusion reduced the systemic and cardiac inflammatory response. N-apo AI treatment lowered the number of circulating leukocytes by 30±7% and their recruitment into the ischemic heart by 25±10% (all P <5.0×10 −2 ). This was associated with a reduction in plasma levels of the clinical biomarker of cardiac injury, cardiac troponin-I, by 52±17% ( P =1.01×10 −2 ). N-apo AI reduced the cardiac expression of chemokines that attract neutrophils and monocytes by 60% to 80% and lowered surface expression of integrin CD11b on monocytes by 20±5% (all P <5.0×10 −2 ). Fluorescently labeled n-apo AI entered the infarct and peri-infarct regions and colocalized with cardiomyocytes undergoing apoptosis and with leukocytes. We further demonstrate that n-apo AI binds to neutrophils and monocytes, with preferential binding to the proinflammatory monocyte subtype and partially via SR-BI (scavenger receptor BI). In patients with type 2 diabetes, we also observed that intravenous infusion of the same n-apo AI (CSL111, 80 mg/kg) similarly reduced the level of circulating leukocytes by 12±5% (all P <5.0×10 −2 ). Conclusions: A single intravenous bolus of n-apo AI delivered immediately post–myocardial infarction reduced the systemic and cardiac inflammatory response through direct actions on both the ischemic myocardium and leukocytes. These data highlight the anti-inflammatory effects of n-apo AI and provide preclinical support for investigation of its use for management of acute coronary syndromes in the setting of primary percutaneous coronary interventions.

authors

  • Richart, Adele L
  • Reddy, Medini
  • Khalaji, Mina
  • Natoli, Alaina L
  • Heywood, Sarah E
  • Siebel, Andrew L
  • Lancaster, Graeme L
  • Murphy, Andrew J
  • Carey, Andrew L
  • Drew, Brian G
  • Didichenko, Svetlana A
  • Navdaev, Alexei V
  • Kingwell, Bronwyn A

publication date

  • November 6, 2020