This laboratory study compared the effect of surface coatings on patterns and amounts of fluoride released from four glass ionomer cements and two fluoride-containing resin composites.
Twelve cylinders of each material were prepared in a polyethylene mold. The experimental groups (n = 6) were coated with one layer of an adhesive resin (3M Scotchbond Multipurpose Adhesive), while the control groups (n = 6) remained uncoated. Cumulative fluoride release into deionized water was measured on days 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 using an ion analyzer. Total fluoride release after 28 days was analyzed for significant differences among materials using one-way ANOVA and Student-Newman-Keuls test (p < 0.05).
The total amounts of fluoride release from the coated samples were found to be significantly less than the uncoated samples for all materials, except Solitaire. The uncoated samples released a total amount of fluoride of between 2.3 and 85.4 ppm, while the coated samples released a total amount of fluoride of between < 0.2 and 24.1 ppm. Similar patterns of fluoride release were found in coated and uncoated samples.
The results indicated that the application of a dentin adhesive coating did not completely prevent fluoride release from glass ionomer cements and fluoridated resin composites, although the amounts were significantly less. Clinically, it suggests that a continued release of fluoride from glass ionomer cements and fluoridated resin composites is possible after placing a thin layer of resin adhesive. The clinical significance of these findings is not known.