Changes in serum carotenoids in subjects with colorectal adenomas after 24 mo of β-carotene supplementation Academic Article uri icon


  • The effect of beta-carotene supplementation on major serum carotenoid fractions (lutein/zeaxanthin, beta-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, alpha-carotene, and beta-carotene) was investigated in 224 people with colorectal adenomas (139 men, 85 women) recruited for the Australian Polyp Prevention Project (APPP). Each subject was randomly assigned to take either 20 mg beta-carotene/d or placebo over 24 mo. Besides the expected increase in serum concentration of beta-carotene (1073% in men, 839% in women), lycopene (176% in men) and alpha-carotene (211% in men and 166% in women) concentrations were also increased after body mass index, baseline concentration, change in respective carotenoid intake, and other confounding factors were adjusted for. The increase in serum concentrations of these carotenoids after beta-carotene supplementation suggests that beta-carotene may interact biologically with other carotenoids and such interaction would need to be taken into consideration when the protective effect of beta-carotene supplementation for cancer or other diseases is examined.


  • Wahlqvist, ML
  • Wattanapenpaiboon, N
  • Macrae, FA
  • Lambert, JR
  • MacLennan, R
  • Hsu-Hage, BH

publication date

  • December 1, 1994