Glypican-based drug releasing titania implants to regulate BMP2 bioactivity as a potential approach for craniosynostosis therapy Academic Article uri icon


  • Advances in molecular biology and nanomedicine based therapies hold promise to obviate the need of multiple surgical interventions (associated with current management) in craniosynostosis by preventing bone re-ossification. One such adjunctive therapy involves application of glypicans 1 and 3 (GPC1 and GPC3) that are BMP inhibitors implicated in downregulating the BMP2 activity in prematurely fusing sutures. Electrochemically anodized Titania nanotube (TNT) arrays have been recognized as a promising localized, long-term drug delivery platform for bone-related therapies. This study presents the application of nanoengineered TNT/Ti implants loaded with recombinant glypicans for craniosynostosis therapy. By using Dual luciferase Reporter assay, we tested the biofunctionality of eluted glypicans from the TNT/Ti implants for BMP2 bioactivity regulation in C2C12 murine myoblast cell line. BMP2 activity was inhibited significantly for up to 15days by the glypicans released from polymer-coated TNT/Ti implants, indicating their potential application in adjunctive craniosynostosis treatment.


  • Bariana, Manpreet
  • Dwivedi, Prem
  • Ranjitkar, Sarbin
  • Kaidonis, John A
  • Losic, Dusan
  • Anderson, Peter J

publication date

  • October 2018