How is FLC repression initiated by cold? Academic Article uri icon


  • Vernalization is the promotion of flowering in response to prolonged exposure to low temperatures. In Arabidopsis, FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC), a suppressor of flowering, is repressed by low temperatures but the mechanism leading to the initial decrease in FLC transcription remains a mystery. No mutants that block the repression of FLC at low temperatures have been identified to date. If the failure to identify such a mutant is assumed to imply that no such mutant exists, then it follows that the first response to the drop in temperature is physical, not genetic. In this Opinion article we propose that the drop in temperature first causes a simple change in the topology of the chromatin polymer, which in turn initiates the repression of FLC transcription.

publication date

  • 2015