PURPOSE: To define what can be considered to be nursing practice, time that can be calculated as the practice of nursing as well as what is considered to be advanced nursing practice and how all this can be related to the current endorsement process for nurse practitioner (NP) in Australia. DATA SOURCES: Current codes and guidelines cited by the Nurse and Midwifery Board of Australia related to nursing practice and NPs, cited competency standards from the Australian Midwifery Accreditation Council, as well as published material of peak nursing bodies from within Australia as well as internationally were used. Information was also obtained through government health and professional organization websites. All information in the literature regarding current and past status and nomenclature of advanced practice nursing was considered relevant. CONCLUSIONS: The definitional entanglement of what is considered to be nursing practice, the calculation of specific hours and what is advanced nursing practice interferes with endorsement of NPs in Australia, and a clear understanding of what is meant by advanced practice is required to move forward. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Dependent on how practice is interpreted by the Nurse and Midwifery Board of Australia directly affects the outcome of the endorsement proceedings for individual NP candidates.