Early intervention services for young children with developmental disabilities have developed considerably in the past decade, yet little information is available about the referral practices and views of Australian paediatricians. During 1991, 100 paediatricians in Victoria completed a postal questionnaire designed to gain information regarding their attitudes to early intervention and referral practices. The results indicated that paediatricians had a positive view of early intervention, and perceived the standard and quality of the services in their region as comprehensive (16%) or adequate (54%). They were likely to make prompt referrals in the presence of an established disability (75%), but with suspected developmental delay, many (45%) were likely to wait until the delay was confirmed. Referrals were more often made for intervention for the child rather than for family support. However, paediatricians felt that early intervention had a beneficial effect on family functioning (81%). In general, the results indicate that there seem to be few barriers between paediatricians and the early intervention field.