INTRODUCTION: The number of total knee replacements far exceeds the number of primary total hip replacements (THR) in Singapore. There is a paucity of data regarding patients who undergo THR in Singapore. This paper aimed to study the epidemiology and early postoperative outcomes of patients receiving primary THR in a single tertiary institution. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of all patients undergoing primary THR between January 2003 and December 2005. The following variables were analysed: patient demographics, surgical approach, mode of implant fixation, postoperative complications and functional outcomes using D'Aubigne and Postel scoring. RESULTS: There were a total of 115 patients who underwent primary THR over a 36-month period. The mean age of patients was 55 (range 23-80) years. The male-to-female ratio was 1:2. The most common diagnoses in descending order were as follows: inflammatory arthritis, osteoarthritis, avascular necrosis, hip dysplasia and post-traumatic osteoarthritis. Patients were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 41 months, with 90.8 percent having excellent and good outcomes. There were no statistical differences between the surgical approach and implant fixation with regard to postoperative outcome. CONCLUSION: In Asian patients, the three commonest aetiologies for degenerative hip arthritis were inflammatory arthropathies, primary osteoarthritis and avascular necrosis. Regardless of diagnosis, the patient groups had comparable functional outcomes following THR.