Prevention Of Cyclophosphamide-Induced And Spontaneous Diabetes In Nod Mice By Syngeneic Splenocytes Treated With Cytotoxic Drugs Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Infusions of syngeneic T-cells, lethally damaged with ultraviolet A light (UVA) and 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP), have been reported to prevent or ameliorate a number of autoimmune diseases in humans and in animal models of autoimmune disease. We previously demonstrated that the combination of UVA/8-MOP, or deoxycoformycin and deoxyadenosine (dCF/dAdo), damaged human lymphoid cells by inducing DNA strand breakage and stimulating poly (ADP-ribosyl)ation. These cells subsequently underwent programmed cell death ("apoptosis"). These findings suggested a common mechanism of lymphocyte damage, and that in vitro treatment of T-cells with cCF/dAdo might substitute for UVA/8-MOP. This hypothesis was tested in a model of autoimmune diabetes in the NOD mouse. Young adult female NOD/Wehi mice were given 350 mg/kg cyclophosphamide (CP) on day 1 to induce rapid-onset diabetes and divided into five treatment groups. Four groups received approximately 50 x 10(6) syngeneic mouse splenocytes that had been treated with various cytotoxic agents. 27/40 (68%) of the CP-only control group and 14/30 (48%) of the group given untreated splenocytes developed diabetes. By contrast, only 2/20 (10%) mice of UVA/8-MOP and 3/23 (14%) of dCF/dAdo-treated splenocyte groups developed diabetes (P < 0.01). Diabetes in high spontaneous-diabetes incidence NOD/Lt female mice was also greatly reduced (4/8 untreated vs 1/7 treated; (< 0.05). We postulate that cytotoxic damage to activated splenic T-cells allows their recognition by host T-cells and results in a protective response against autoreactive cells as a form of T-cell vaccination.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

authors

publication date

  • January 1991