Parent questionnaires measuring feeding disorders in preschool children: a systematic review Academic Article uri icon


  • Preschool feeding disorders are common and debilitating and are associated with a range of developmental and medical issues. Parent report allows assessment of feeding in a naturalistic environment over time, with advantages over time-limited, clinic-based observations. However, little is understood about the limitations and advantages of current parent-report measures. We aimed to systematically review the psychometrics and clinometrics of parent-administered feeding questionnaires.Five search engines were used to identify questionnaires that met inclusion criteria, i.e. being norm-or criterion-referenced, child focused, appropriate for preschool children, and measured two or more feeding domains (e.g. dysphagia/oral motor delay, food refusal).In total 3535 abstracts were identified and 215 full-text articles were evaluated. Five questionnaires met the criteria. The Behavioral Pediatrics Feeding Assessment Scale (BPFAS) was the most reliable questionnaire identified, with good test-retest reliability and internal consistency. More predictive and concurrent validity data was available for the BPFAS, the Mealtime Behavior Questionnaire, and the Montreal Children's Hospital Feeding Scale than for other measures.Further research is needed on the psychometric properties of feeding questionnaires used in research and clinical practice. To date, the BPFAS has the most comprehensive reliability and validity data of any parent-administered feeding questionnaire for preschool children.

publication date

  • 2015