The 2.0-Å Crystal Structure of eqFP611, a Far Red Fluorescent Protein from the Sea Anemone Entacmaea quadricolor Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We have crystallized and subsequently determined to 2.0-A resolution the crystal structure of eqFP611, a far red fluorescent protein from the sea anemone Entacmaea quadricolor. The structure of the protomer, which adopts a beta-can topology, is similar to that of the related monomeric green fluorescent protein (GFP). The quaternary structure of eqFP611, a tetramer exhibiting 222 symmetry, is similar to that observed for the more closely related red fluorescent protein DsRed and the chromoprotein Rtms5. The unique chromophore sequence (Met63-Tyr64-Gly65) of eqFP611, adopts a coplanar and trans conformation within the interior of the beta-can fold. Accordingly, the eqFP611 chromophore adopts a significantly different conformation in comparison to the chromophore conformation observed in GFP, DsRed, and Rtms5. The coplanar chromophore conformation and its immediate environment provide a structural basis for the far red, highly fluorescent nature of eqFP611. The eqFP611 structure extends our knowledge on the range of conformations a chromophore can adopt within closely related members of the green fluorescent protein family.

authors

  • Petersen, Jan
  • Wilmann, Pascal G
  • Beddoe, Travis
  • Oakley, Aaron J
  • Devenish, Rodney J
  • Prescott, Mark
  • Rossjohn, Jamie

publication date

  • November 7, 2003