The Solomon Islands Provincial Government system has been in decline for at least
ten years. Issues which limit the effectiveness of National Government, such as
political and bureaucratic leadership, good governance, communication, morale and
human resource management, also characterize Provincial Governments. In
addition, Provinces suffer from poorly defined roles and functions, inadequate
funding, isolation and weak relationships with National Government. These problems
have been exacerbated by the impact of the recent civil conflict particularly the severe reductions in Provincial Service Grants, the principal source of Provincial Government revenue.