Thirty-two Mongolian gerbils received bilateral chronic implants of stainless steel electrodes in the superior colliculus. The movements elicited by electrical stimulation were recorded on videotape and measured by means of a computer-assisted image analyzing procedure. Ipsiversive body movements were elicited by stimulation of the anterior part of the superior colliculus. Contraversive head and body movements could be elicited by stimulation over the entire superior colliculus. Amplitudes of head and body movements were dependent upon both stimulation parameters (current and train duration) and the animal's posture at stimulus onset. In a second experiment, the predorsal bundle was cut at its decussation by means of a stereotaxic microknife. After such cuts, contraversive turns were either abolished or were replaced by ipsiversive movements. Ipsiversive movements were unaffected by the knife cuts. This experiment provides evidence that the distinct types of movements that can be elicited by collicular stimulation are subserved by anatomically separate output pathways.