A neurological dissociation between shape from shading and shape from edges Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We studied the ability of a neurological patient, who has deficits in various aspects of form perception, to perform region segregation tasks requiring discriminations based on several image properties that are related to the three-dimensional structure of objects. The patient could discriminate the apparent three-dimensional structure and orientation of shapes defined by shading gradients, but could not make such discriminations for shapes in which edges were depicted as lines or as luminance discontinuities. These results suggest that the neural pathways that compute shape from shading gradients may be independent of those that compute shape based on edges, and, based on the patient's pattern of brain damage, they also indicate a relatively early functional separation in the requisite inputs.

publication date

  • April 1996