Intragastric distribution and gastric emptying of solids and liquids in functional dyspepsia Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The relative contributions of altered gastric motor function and Helicobacter pylori-associated active chronic gastritis to the pathogenesis of functional dyspepsia are controversial. We therefore evaluated scintigraphically the intragastric distribution and gastric emptying of a mixed solid-liquid meal in 75 patients with functional dyspepsia; patients were subdivided on the basis of both specific symptom clusters and the presence or absence of H. pylori gastritis. Twenty-one (28%) patients displayed abnormal solid and/or liquid gastric emptying, with prolonged solid lag time the most prominent alteration detected. The number of patients with abnormal scintigraphic patterns increased to 36 (48%) when intragastric distribution parameters (fundal half-emptying time and antral maximal fraction) were examined. Although patients with reflux-like dyspepsia (N = 36) demonstrated significantly slower rates of liquid emptying at 45 and 70 min and a higher prevalence of abnormal liquid intragastric distribution when compared to patients with motility-like dyspepsia (N = 39) or to controls (N = 34), the absolute differences were small and unlikely to be of clinical significance. Patients without H. pylori gastritis (N = 50) demonstrated a significantly more prolonged solid lag time when compared to those with H. pylori gastritis (N = 25), but the difference was small and there were no other differences between these two subgroups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

authors

  • Scott, AM
  • Kellow, JE
  • Shuter, B
  • Cowan, H
  • Corbett, A-M
  • Riley, JW
  • Lunzer, MR
  • Eckstein, RP
  • H�schl, R
  • Lam, S-K
  • Jones, MP

publication date

  • December 1993