Transitional living service (TLS) programmes for adults with an acquired brain injury are considered an important part of rehabilitation. However, considerable variability exists in the design and structure of these services, with limited research to guide the development of a programme based on best evidence. A scoping literature review was completed to answer the question ‘What is known about TLS programmes for adults with an acquired brain injury?’ Four electronic databases were systematically searched, followed by a grey literature search (from 1996 to 2015). 3183 articles were screened and 13 articles were included in the final review. Themes that emerged from the literature include the types of residents using TLS programmes, the subjective experience of residents and staff, intervention approaches, programme staffing, and programme outcomes. The research reviewed supports the use of TLS programmes to maximise functional independence and community integration of individuals with an acquired brain injury. Clinical practise recommendations were developed to help support implementation of TLS programmes based on best evidence, these included: to use multiple outcome measures, implement collaborative goal setting, support generalisation of skills learnt in the TLS to the home environment and for eligibility criteria for these programmes to include individuals across all phases of recovery.