Perimenopausal contraception: A practice-based approach Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Women who are perimenopausal are at risk of unintended pregnancy despite relatively low fertility at this stage. Contraceptive choice can be limited by increased comorbidities, but the UK Medical Eligibility Criteria (UKMEC) system provides a framework for safe prescribing.This article provides evidence-based guidance on contraceptive options, and information to support decision-making about stopping contraception at menopause.Contraceptive choice is determined by several factors, including medical eligibility, side effects and risks, non-contraceptive benefits, cost and personal preference. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are an effective, acceptable and safe choice for many women. For women aged ≥50 years who are using a non-hormonal method, contraception is recommended until after 12 months of amenorrhoea, or 24 months if they are aged 50 years; serial follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels can guide method cessation given amenorrhoea is not a reliable indicator of menopause in this context.

publication date

  • 2017