Identification of a dimeric KDG aldolase from Agrobacterium tumefaciens Academic Article uri icon


  • Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a Gram-negative bacterium and causative agent of Crown Gall disease that infects a variety of economically important plants. The annotated A. tumefaciens genome contains 10 putative dapA genes, which code for dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS). However, we have recently demonstrated that only one of these genes (dapA7) encodes a functional DHDPS. The function of the other nine putative dapA genes is yet to be determined. Here, we demonstrate using bioinformatics that the product of the dapA5 gene (DapA5) possesses all the catalytic residues canonical to 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate (KDG) aldolase, which is a class I aldolase involved in glucose metabolism. We therefore expressed, purified, and characterized recombinant DapA5 using mass spectrometry, circular dichroism spectroscopy, analytical ultracentrifugation, and enzyme kinetics. The results show that DapA5 (1) adopts an α/β structure consistent with the TIM-barrel fold of KDG aldolases, (2) possesses KDG aldolase enzyme activity, and (3) exists as a tight dimer in solution. This study shows for the first time that dapA5 from A. tumefaciens encodes a functional dimeric KDG aldolase.

publication date

  • 2017