A short form of the Drinking Motive Questionnaire Revised (DMQ-R; Cooper, 1994) was developed, using different item selection strategies based on a national representative sample of 5,617 12- to 18-year-old students in Switzerland. To confirm the concurrent validity of the short-form questionnaire, or DMQ-R SF, data from a second national sample of 2,398 12- to 17-year-old students were analyzed by means of structural equation modeling. The results confirmed the four-dimensional factor structure of the DMQ-R SF both in general and among subpopulations. The mean values as well as the links with alcohol use and related problems were similar to those obtained with the original DMQ-R. These results support the potential use of the DMQ-R SF in a wide range of international studies that measure drinking motives.