Extracellular Remodelling During Oncogenic Ras-Induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Facilitates MDCK Cell Migration Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) describes a process whereby immotile epithelial cells escape structural constraints imposed by cellular architecture and acquire a phenotype characteristic of migratory mesenchymal cells. Implicated in carcinoma progression and metastasis, EMT has been the focus of several recent proteomics-based studies aimed at identifying new molecular players. To gain insights into extracellular mediators associated with EMT, we conducted an extensive proteomic analysis of the secretome from MDCK cells following oncogenic Ras-induced EMT (21D1 cells). Using Orbitrap technology and a label-free quantitative approach, differential expression of several secreted modulators were revealed. Proteomic findings were further substantiated by mRNA transcript expression analysis with 71% concordance. MDCK cells undergoing Ras-induced EMT remodel the extracellular matrix (ECM) via diminished expression of basement membrane constituents (collagen type IV and laminin 5), up-regulation of extracellular proteases (MMP-1, kallikreins -6 and -7), and increased production and secretion of ECM constituents (SPARC, collagen type I, fibulins -1 and -3, biglycan, and decorin). Collectively, these findings suggest that hierarchical regulation of a subset of extracellular effectors may coordinate a biological response during EMT that enhances cell motility. Transient silencing of MMP-1 in 21D1 cells via siRNA-mediated knockdown attenuated cell migration. Many of the secretome proteins identified broaden our understanding of the EMT process.

authors

  • Mathias, Rommel A
  • Chen, Yuan-Shou
  • Wang, Bo
  • Ji, Hong
  • Kapp, Eugene A
  • Moritz, Robert L
  • Zhu, Hong-Jian
  • Simpson, Richard J

publication date

  • February 5, 2010