To explore morphological or electrophysiological evidence for the presence of endolymphatic hydrops (EH) in guinea pig cochleae in the first 3 months after cochlear implantation.Dummy silastic electrodes were implanted atraumatically into the basal turn of scala tympani via a cochleostomy. Round window electrocochleography (ECochG) was undertaken prior to and after implantation. Animals survived for 1, 7, 28 or 72 days prior to a terminal experiment, when ECochG was repeated. The cochleae were imaged using micro-CT after post-fixing with osmium tetroxide to reveal the inner ear soft tissue structure. EH was assessed by visual inspection at a series of frequency specific places along the length of the cochlea, and the extent to which Reissner's membrane departed from its neutral position was quantified. Tissue response volumes were calculated. Using ECochG, the ratio of the summating potential to the action potential (SP/AP ratio) was calculated in response to frequencies between 2 and 32 kHz.There was minimal evidence of electrode trauma from cochlear implantation on micro-CT imaging. Tissue response volumes did not change over time. EH was most prevalent 7 days after surgery in implanted ears, as determined by visual inspection. Scala media areas were increased, as expected in cases of EH, over the first month after cochlear implantation. SP/AP ratios decreased immediately after surgery, but were elevated 1 and 7 days after implantation.EH is prevalent in the first weeks after implant surgery, even in the absence of significant electrode insertion trauma.