The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of current strength-based exercise in rural and regional populations of Central Queensland. The secondary aim was to examine the proportion of residents from various demographic groups who currently partake in strength-based exercise to allow for targeted strength training campaigns.A cross-sectional, survey-based experimental design was followed.Rural and regional Australia.Rural and regional community-dwelling individuals living in Central Queensland and aged 18 years and older.Survey data was collected in October and November 2010 as part of the Central Queensland University Social Survey.Strength-based exercise participation, gender, age, income, years of education, self-reported physical activity and perception of health.Participation in strength-based exercise was 13.2%. Women were less likely to partake in strength-based exercise than male, and ≥55 year old adults were less likely to partake in strength-based exercise than 18-34 year old adults. Participation in strength-based exercise was found to increase with years of education, self-reported physical activity and self-rated health.The prevalence of adults in rural and regional Central Queensland engaging in strength-based exercise is low. Exercise physiologists, clinicians and government officials must work together to ensure that this form of exercise is acknowledged as a vital component of health in rural and regional areas.