The molecular karyotypes of four isolates of Plasmodium chabaudi, three of the subspecies P. chabaudi adami and one P. chabaudi chabaudi, as well as P. berghei and P. vinckei were studied by means of pulsed field gradient (PFG) gel electrophoresis. Each species appears to have 14 chromosomes, ranging in size from approximately 730 kb to greater than 2000 kb. The three P. chabaudi adami isolates did not appear any more similar to each other than to the P. c. chabaudi isolate. The chromosome locations of genes for a heat shock protein (hsp) 70, ribosomal RNA (rRNA), the precursor to the major merozoite surface proteins, dihydrofolate reductase and P. falciparum antigen 352 as well as four cloned DNA markers and a telomere probe were determined. However, a number of probes representing cloned P. falciparum antigens failed to hybridize to P. chabaudi DNA. Hence genes for malaria antigens appear to be much more divergent than genes for housekeeping functions.