Effect of vaccination with 3 recombinant asexual-stage malaria antigens on initial growth rates of Plasmodium falciparum in non-immune volunteers Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • A placebo controlled, randomised, double blind trial was conducted in human volunteers to test a mixture of three recombinant Plasmodium falciparum blood stage antigens for its ability to reduce the initial growth rates of parasites. The vaccine contained recombinant MSP2 (3D7 allele), a portion of MSP1 (190LCS.T3) and part of the RESA antigen (C terminal 771 amino acids) in the Montanide ISA 720 adjuvant (SEPPIC). Twelve volunteers received two doses of the vaccine, 6 weeks apart. The five participants in the placebo group received an equivalent volume of the adjuvant emulsion using the same schedule. Antibody responses were low, as has been reported in earlier studies with this combination, while T cell responses were stronger. All the volunteers were challenged with approximately 140 ring infected red cells of the 3D7 cloned line, 4 weeks after the second dose. Parasitaemia was determined once daily from day 4 using a sensitive and quantitative PCR assay. All the volunteers were infected and were treated on day 8, before any developed symptoms. There was no significant difference in initial parasite growth rates between the verum and placebo groups, nor was there any significant correlation between parasite growth rates and any of the measured immunological responses. These results suggest that the formulation tested in this trial did not generate immune responses that were strong enough to reduce parasite growth in naive volunteers.

authors

  • Lawrence, Gregor
  • Cheng, Qin
  • Reed, Carol
  • Taylor, Darrin
  • Stowers, Anthony
  • Cloonan, Nicole
  • Rzepczyk, Christine
  • Smillie, Anne
  • Anderson, Karen
  • Pombo, David
  • Allworth, Anthony
  • Eisen, Damon
  • Anders, Robin
  • Saul, Allan

publication date

  • March 2000