The three-dimensional structure and disulfide connectivities of a 6-kDa protein isolated from the stigma of the ornamental tobacco Nicotiana alata has been determined by 1H NMR spectroscopy combined with simulated annealing calculations. The protein, termed C1, is a chymotrypsin inhibitor and is one of five homologous proteinase inhibitors that are proteolytically cleaved from a 40.3-kDa precursor protein. The other four proteinase inhibitors (T1 to T4) contain reactive sites for trypsin. The three-dimensional structure of C1 is generally well defined and contains a triple stranded beta-sheet as the dominant secondary structural feature. Several turns and a short region of 3(10) helix are also present. The putative chymotrypsin reactive site is present on an exposed loop which is less defined than the rest of the protein. The overall shape of C1 is disc-like and the N and C termini are exposed, supporting the proposal that this protein results from post-translational processing of the 40.3-kDa precursor protein.