Dose-intense weekly cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, vincristine and prednisolone (CMFP) in advanced breast cancer Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Weekly chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide 80 mg m-2 day-1 p.o. continuously, methotrexate 35 mg m-2 week-1 i.v., 5-fluorouracil 500 mg m-2 week-1 i.v., vincristine 1.4 mg m-2 i.v. every two weeks and prednisolone 20 mg m-2 day-1 p.o. continuously (CMFVP) was prospectively studied in 45 previously untreated outpatients with advanced breast cancer to determine the feasibility of delivering a dose-intense regimen. Of 40 evaluable patients, complete response (CR) occurred in one patient, partial response (PR) in 20 (CR + PR 53%), stable in eight, progression in 11 and five were unevaluable for response. The median relapse-free survival for responders was 25 weeks and median survival for all patients was 31 weeks. The mean dose intensity relative to the Cooper regimen fell from 1.02 to 0.6 within the first 4 weeks of treatment and the median dose intensity achieved for all patients on study was only 0.52. Eighty-seven per cent of patients had treatment delays with a mean of 3.9 delays per patient and 71% had dose reductions. Neutropenia was the major toxicity with WHO grade 3 or 4 neutropenia (less than 1.0 x 10(9) l-1) in 62% of patients and three septic deaths while neutropenic. Dose-intense weekly CMFVP in this schedule cannot be delivered to previously untreated outpatients with advanced breast cancer.

authors

  • Cebon, JS
  • Bishop, JF
  • Harvey, V
  • Mason, B
  • Jeal, PN

publication date

  • January 1990