Resident CD8+ and Migratory CD103+ Dendritic Cells Control CD8 T Cell Immunity during Acute Influenza Infection Academic Article uri icon


  • The identification of the specific DC subsets providing a critical role in presenting influenza antigens to naïve T cell precursors remains contentious and under considerable debate. Here we show that CD8(+) T lymphocyte (TCD8+) responses are severely hampered in C57BL/6 mice deficient in the transcription factor Batf3 after intranasal challenge with influenza A virus (IAV). This transcription factor is required for the development of lymph node resident CD8(+) and migratory CD103(+)CD11b(-) DCs and we found both of these subtypes could efficiently stimulate anti-IAV TCD8+. Using a similar ex vivo approach, many publications on this subject matter excluded a role for resident, non-migratory CD8(+) DC. We postulate the differences reported can partially be explained by how DC are phenotyped, namely the use of MHC class II to segregate subtypes. Our results show that resident CD8(+) DC upregulate this marker during IAV infection and we advise against its use when isolating DC subtypes.

publication date

  • June 4, 2013