Sixteen cats, each of which had one or both eyes rotated at the time of natural eye opening (group K), were tested for visuomotor behavior and for learning and interocular transfer of two-choice visual discriminations. Their behavior was compared to that of two cats given monocular rotations in adulthood (group A) and to two normal controls (group N). These animals were all reared in the same colony. All cats, including those with monocular rotations up to 180 degrees and those with binocular rotations up to 80 degrees in each eye, showed good visuomotor behavior when using the rotated eye (i.e., with the normal eye covered). Both the group K and group A animals showed comparable visuomotor adaptation. All animals except those with monocular rotations of 180 degrees were able to learn several oriented pattern discriminations and showed considerable though incomplete interocular transfer of such information. The three animals with 180 degrees rotations were able to learn brightness, but not pattern discriminations. Seven further animals with large rotations were used for histological studies of the retina and primary visual pathways. Areas of reduced ganglion cell density were not observed in whole mounts of the retinae, nor were regions of reduced transport of 3H-proline from the retina to the lateral geniculate nuclei or superior colliculi detectable from autoradiographs.