Knee biomechanics early after knee replacement surgery predict abnormal gait patterns 12 months postoperatively Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • An abnormal flexor moment pattern is often evident following total knee replacement (TKR) surgery. We investigated whether such a pattern at 12 months post-surgery could be predicted using biomechanical gait measures assessed before surgery and at 4 months post-surgery. Thirty two TKR patients were evaluated and classified as normal (biphasic pattern) or abnormal (flexor moment pattern) at each time point. Biomechanical parameters collected before surgery and at 4 months post-surgery were then explored for their ability to predict gait patterns at 12 months post-surgery. The gait pattern at 4 months was significantly associated with the 12 month post-surgery gait pattern, with over half of those with a flexor moment pattern at 4 months retaining this pattern at 12 months. Discriminant function analysis indicated that peak knee flexion during early stance, peak knee extension, and peak knee extension moment at 4 months post-surgery were independent predictors of the gait pattern at 12 months. Thus, an abnormal knee flexor moment pattern at 12 months post-surgery can be predicted by biomechanical analysis 4 months after surgery. Therefore, interventions aimed at improving active extension may need to be implemented early after surgery to restore a normal gait pattern.

publication date

  • March 2012