Cognitive-motor interference during postural control indicates at-risk cerebellar profiles in females with the FMR1 premutation Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Recent investigations report a higher risk of motor symptoms in females with the FMR1 premutation (PM-carriers) than has hitherto been appreciated. Here we examined basic sensorimotor and postural control under different sensory and attentional dual-task demands. Physiological performance and postural sway measures from the Physiological Profile Assessment (Lord et al., 2003 [39]) were conducted in 28 female PM-carriers (mean age: 41.32±8.03) and 31 female controls with normal FMR1 alleles (mean age: 41.61±8.3). Multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the moderating role of CGG-repeat length on the relation between age and postural sway under dual-task interference. In female PM-carriers, our results showed significantly poorer proprioceptive awareness, slower reaction time, and greater postural displacement when performing a concurrent verbal fluency task. Significantly, these findings showed age- and genetically-modulated changes in dual-task postural displacement in the medio-lateral direction in female PM-carriers. These findings highlight the sensitivity of postural control paradigms in identifying early cerebellar postural changes that may act as surrogate markers of future decline in female PM-carriers.

authors

  • Kraan, Claudine M
  • Hocking, Darren R
  • Georgiou-Karistianis, Nellie
  • Metcalfe, Sylvia A
  • Archibald, Alison D
  • Fielding, Joanne
  • Trollor, Julian
  • Bradshaw, John L
  • Cohen, Jonathan
  • Cornish, Kim M

publication date

  • September 2013

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