Spectacular claims have been made regarding the efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but almost entirely on the basis of patients' reports and without objective criteria. This study reports on the treatment of eight patients with a diagnosis of PTSD who received EMDR treatment over four sessions. Assessment measures included two structured interviews, three self-report inventories, and the electromyogram (EMG). Assessments were conducted pre and posttreatment, and at 3-month follow-up. Despite some residual pathology at posttreatment and follow-up, significant improvements were obtained on all measures and across all PTSD symptom clusters. Compared with other treatments of PTSD, change was achieved in far fewer sessions.