The effect of restricting energy intake on diabetes in Psammomys obesus Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The aim of this paper was to determine whether restricting energy intake would reduce the elevated levels of glucose, insulin, cholesterol and triglyceride in diabetic Psammomys obesus (sand rat). Between 11 and 12 weeks of age Psammomys obesus were divided into three groups based on blood glucose and plasma insulin levels in the fed ad libitum state; group 1 was normoglycemic (4.4 +/- 0.3 mM) and normoinsulinemic (0.46 +/- 0.04 ng/ml), group 2 was normoglycemic (5.0 +/- 0.3 mM) and hyperinsulinemic (3.58 +/- 0.62 ng/ml) and group 3 was hyperglycemic (11.2 +/- 1.2 mM) and hyperinsulinemic (6.23 +/- 0.73 ng/ml). Energy intake was restricted to 67% of normal for 2 weeks before ad libitum feeding was resumed for a further 2 weeks. Animals in group 3 developed the most abnormalities when compared to group 1 including increased levels of food intake (16.3 +/- 0.5 vs 14.2 +/- 0.5 g/day, P < 0.05), body weight (192 +/- 5 vs 162 +/- 4 g, P < 0.05), triglycerides (1.5 +/- 0.2 vs 0.96 +/- 0.08 mM, P < 0.05), and cholesterol (2.8 +/- 0.2 vs 2.1 +/- 0.1 mM, P < 0.05). In group 3, food restriction was effective in reducing glucose levels (but not insulin) both during and following the restriction period respectively (11.2 +/- 1.2 vs 4.6 +/- 0.5, and 5.9 +/- 1.3, mM, P < 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

authors

publication date

  • January 1, 1994