The effect of linoleic, arachidonic and eicosapentaenoic acid supplementation on prostacyclin production in rats Academic Article uri icon


  • We examined the effect of dietary supplementation of linoleic acid (LA), arachidonic acid (AA) or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) to rats fed a diet low in linoleic acid on in vitro and in vivo production of prostacyclin. Male Sprague Dawley rats were fed a high-fat diet (50% energy as fat, 1.5% linoleic acid) for two weeks. Three of the groups were then supplemented orally with either 90 mg/d of LA, AA or EPA, all as the ethyl esters, for a further two weeks while remaining on the high-fat diet. Forty-eight hour urine samples were collected at the end of the second and fourth weeks. In vivo prostacyclin production was determined by a stable isotope dilution, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry assay for the major urinary metabolite of prostacyclins (2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha or PGI2-M and delta 17-2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha or PGI3-M). In vitro prostacyclin production was determined by radioimmunoassay of the stable metabolite (6-keto-PGF 1 alpha) following incubation of arterial tissue. Oral supplementation with AA resulted in a rise in plasma and aorta 20:4n-6, and increased in vitro prostacyclin and urinary PGI2-M production. EPA supplementation resulted in a rise in plasma and aorta 20:5n-3 and 22:5n-3, and a decline in plasma 20:4n-6, but not in the aorta. In the EPA-supplemented group, the in vitro prostacyclin and the urinary PGI3-M increased, but urinary PGI2-M decreased. The increase in in vitro prostacyclin production in the EPA-supplemented rats was unexpected and without obvious explanation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


  • Mann, Neil J
  • Warrick, Glenda E
  • O'Dea, Kerin
  • Knapp, Howard R
  • Sinclair, Andrew J

publication date

  • March 1994

published in