OBJECTIVE:To present the current status of knowledge in the field of patellofemoral (PF) osteoarthritis (OA) and formulate a research agenda in order to guide future research on this topic. DESIGN:A 1-day meeting was organized with the aim to bring together international experts in the field to discuss the current state of knowledge on PF OA. Experts from multiple disciplines were invited based on their scientific publications in the field of PF OA and interest in the subject. Topics discussed include the diagnosis, impact, prognosis, and treatment of PF OA. METHODS:Following context-setting presentations, an interactive discussion was held in order to achieve consensus on the PF OA topics of interest: (1) diagnosis and definition; (2) burden; (3) outcome measures; (4) prognosis; (5) risk factors, and (6) treatment. Groups of meeting attendees reviewed the literature on these topics and narratively summarized the current state of knowledge, and each group formulated research agenda items relevant to the specific topics of interest. Each consortium member consequently ranked the importance of all items on a 0-10 Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) (10 = extremely important, to 0 = not at all important). RESULTS:After ranking all formulated items on importance, 6 of the 28 research agenda items formulated received an average of 7.5 points on the NRS. The most highly ranked items covered the fields of treatment, diagnosis, and definition of PF OA. CONCLUSIONS:We recommend to develop clear clinical criteria for PF OA and to reach consensus on the definition of PF OA by both radiographs and MRI. Additionally, more understanding is necessary to be able to distinguish PF symptoms from those arising from the tibiofemoral joint. More insight is needed on effective treatment strategies for PF OA; specifically, tailoring nonpharmacological treatments to individuals with PF OA, and determining whether isolated PF OA requires different treatment strategies than combined PF and tibiofemoral OA.