Role of salt bridges in the dimer interface of 14-3-3ζ in dimer dynamics, N-terminal α-helical order and molecular chaperone activity Academic Article uri icon


  • The 14-3-3 family of intracellular proteins are dimeric, multifunctional adaptor proteins that bind to and regulate the activities of many important signaling proteins. The subunits within 14-3-3 dimers are predicted to be stabilized by salt bridges that are largely conserved across the 14-3-3 protein family and allow the different isoforms to form heterodimers. Here, we have examined the contributions of conserved salt-bridging residues in stabilizing the dimeric state of 14-3-3ζ. Using analytical ultracentrifugation, our results revealed that Asp21 and Glu89 both play key roles in dimer dynamics and contribute to dimer stability. Furthermore, hydrogen-deuterium exchange coupled with mass spectrometry showed that mutation of Asp21 promoted disorder in the N-terminal helices of 14-3-3ζ, suggesting that this residue plays an important role in maintaining structure across the dimer interface. Intriguingly, a D21N 14-3-3ζ mutant exhibited enhanced molecular chaperone ability that prevented amorphous protein aggregation, suggesting a potential role for N-terminal disorder in 14-3-3ζ's poorly understood chaperone action. Taken together, these results imply that disorder in the N-terminal helices of 14-3-3ζ is a consequence of the dimer-monomer dynamics and may play a role in conferring chaperone function to 14-3-3ζ protein.


  • Woodcock, Joanna M
  • Goodwin, Katy L
  • Sandow, Jarrod J
  • Coolen, Carl
  • Perugini, Matthew A
  • Webb, Andrew I
  • Pitson, Stuart M
  • Lopez, Angel F
  • Carver, John A

publication date

  • 2018