This article reports on Australian research, funded by the Victorian Department of Human Services Nurse Policy Branch and conducted in two rural Victorian health services. Predicted workforce shortages in the health professions and accompanying growth in demand for services have set the scene for exploring new ways of working. Focused on Victoria's second level nurse, the division two registered or enrolled nurse, this research explored opportunities to enhance scope of practice as one mechanism to meet anticipated workforce demand and expectations. The study revealed a lack of collective wisdom as to how scope of practice may be enhanced, and an accompanying lack of organisational readiness to facilitate the broad changes needed to implement a different practice role. In response to these findings, the SCOPED model was developed as a tool to assist health services explore and implement an enhanced scope of practice for the second level nurse.