Treatment of atherogenic dyslipidemia (AD) in type 2 diabetes (DM2) should focus on the global control of dyslipidemia. The aim of this study was to determine how hospital (MSs) and primary care specialist (GPs) from Spain manage AD in DM2 during their daily practice.An observational, cross-sectional, multicentric study was conducted. Information about daily practice was obtained from 497 MSs and 872 GPs across Spain.66% of MSs and 30.5% of GPs considered DM2 patients to be high-risk. Most consider the c-LDL targets based on European guidelines. The statins most widely used are atorvastatin and simvastatin. However both MSs and GPs considered rosuvastatin to be the most appropriate statin for these patients. 82% of MSs and 68% of GPs considered that >50% of their patients achieved the c-LDL target. The main reasons of not achieving this target were lack of treatment adherence and pressure from the administration. Seventy four percent of MSs reported that there are no common clinical protocols with GPs.The differences in the perception of the real cardiovascular risk of the patient, low use of more appropriate statins, lack of adherence and poor perception of real c-LDL control may contribute to the failure in achieving lipid targets in DM2.