Pupylation of PafA or Pup inhibits components of the Pup-Proteasome system Academic Article uri icon


  • The pupylation of cellular proteins plays a crucial role in the degradation cascade via the Pup-Proteasome system (PPS). It is essential for the survival of Mycobacterium smegmatis under nutrient starvation and, as such, the activity of many components of the pathway is tightly regulated. Here, we show that Pup, like ubiquitin, can form polyPup chains primarily through K61 and that this form of Pup inhibits the ATPase-mediated turnover of pupylated substrates by the 20S proteasome. Similarly, the autopupylation of PafA (the sole Pup ligase found in mycobacteria) inhibits its own enzyme activity; hence, pupylation of PafA may act as a negative feedback mechanism to prevent substrate pupylation under specific cellular conditions.

publication date

  • 2018