An Experimental Evaluation of Cyclic Voltammetry of Multicharged Species at Macrodisk Electrodes in the Absence of Added Supporting Electrolyte Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The reversible reduction of [S2Mo18O62]4- to [S2Mo18O62]5- and [S2Mo18O62]6- at a glassy carbon macrodisk electrode has been studied by cyclic voltammetry in acetonitrile as a function of the concentration of [(C6H13)4N]4[S2Mo18O62] in the absence and presence of [(C6H13)4N]ClO4 as the added supporting electrolyte. Consideration is given to the influence of scan rate, reference-working electrode distance, [(C6H13)4N]4[S2Mo18O62], and electrolyte concentrations. Experimental data confirm theoretical predictions that cyclic voltammetry at a macrodisk electrode is a viable technique for studies of multiply charged electroactive species without added electrolyte, provided the influence of enhanced complexities associated with effects of increased solution resistance, the mass transport contribution from migration, and convection arising from enhanced density gradients are considered. Enhanced density gradients present in the absence of added supporting electrolyte give rise to a more marked dependence of voltammograms on the angle of the electrode and hence lead to significant distortion of wave shapes at low scan rates. The summation of all these obstacles implies that quantitative evaluation of cyclic voltammograms of multiply charged species requires significantly greater care in the absence than in the presence of added supporting electrolyte.

publication date

  • January 2001