Pelvic floor symptoms, physical, and psychological outcomes of patients following surgery for colorectal cancer Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Little has been published regarding general and pelvic floor-related health status in patients who have undergone surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC).The objective of the study was to assess changes in pelvic floor symptoms, physical activity levels, psychological status, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with CRC from pre- to 6 months postoperatively.Pelvic floor symptoms, physical activity levels, anxiety and depression, and HRQoL of 30 participants who were undergoing surgery for stages I-III CRC were evaluated pre- and 6 months postoperatively.Six months postoperatively, there were no significant changes in severity of pelvic floor symptoms, or other secondary outcomes (physical activity levels, depression, global HRQoL) compared to preoperative levels (p > 0.05). However, fecal incontinence (p = 0.03) and hair loss (p = 0.003) measured with the HRQoL instrument were significantly worse. Participants were engaged in low levels of physical activity before (42.3%) and after surgery (47.4%).The findings of a high percentage of participants with persistent low physical activity levels and worse bowel symptoms after CRC surgery compared to preoperative levels suggest the need for health-care professionals to provide information about the benefits of physical activity and bowel management at postoperative follow-ups. Further investigation in larger studies is warranted.

publication date

  • 2018

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