Reliability and validity of the Wii Balance Board for assessment of standing balance: A systematic review Academic Article uri icon


  • The use of force platform technologies to assess standing balance is common across a range of clinical areas. Numerous researchers have evaluated the low-cost Wii Balance Board (WBB) for its utility in assessing balance, with variable findings. This review aimed to systematically evaluate the reliability and concurrent validity of the WBB for assessment of static standing balance. Articles were retrieved from six databases (Medline, SCOPUS, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, Inspec) from 2007 to 2017. After independent screening by two reviewers, 25 articles were included. Two reviewers performed the data extraction and quality assessment. Test-retest reliability was investigated in 12 studies, with intraclass correlation coefficients or Pearson's correlation values showing a range from poor to excellent reliability (range: 0.27 to 0.99). Concurrent validity (i.e. comparison with another force platform) was examined in 21 studies, and was generally found to be excellent in studies examining the association between the same outcome measures collected on both devices. For studies reporting predominantly poor to moderate validity, potentially influential factors included the choice of 1) criterion reference (e.g. not a common force platform), 2) test duration (e.g. <30 s for double leg), 3) outcome measure (e.g. comparing a centre of pressure variable from the WBB with a summary score from the force platform), 4) data acquisition platform (studies using Apple iOS reported predominantly moderate validity), and 5) low sample size. In conclusion, evidence suggests that the WBB can be used as a reliable and valid tool for assessing standing balance. Protocol registration number: PROSPERO 2017: CRD42017058122.

publication date

  • 2018