This study looked at whether people prefer to sit in smoking or smoke-free areas when they go to cafés and restaurants. It also considered whether those who said they would prefer smoke-free dining made this known when booking or going to a restaurant. The sample was 2387 Victorians, randomly selected and interviewed in their own homes. Overall, 68 per cent of respondents said they would prefer a nonsmoking area, and only 11 per cent preferred a smoking area. Even among smokers, less than half (42 per cent) wanted to sit in a smoking area. Of those people who wanted smoke-free dining, only 45 per cent said they always made this known. The results demonstrate strong community desire for smoke-free dining, but also point to the need for restaurant managers or the dining public to take the initiative, or for legislative action to ensure the provision of smoke-free areas.