This audit was carried out in August 2003 and examined HIV notification data in Victoria. We aimed to determine the proportion of partners reported as being traced from newly diagnosed HIV individuals, the type of contact tracing used and identify the number of HIV cases newly diagnosed from contact tracing. We compared men who have sex with men (MSM) with all other newly diagnosed HIV individuals in Victoria (non-MSM). Of the 215 newly diagnosed HIV-positive individuals, 49% (n = 105) could potentially carry out contact tracing. There was a difference between MSM and non-MSM in the proportion of contactable partners (44% vs 63% respectively, P = 0.017). MSM less commonly used provider referral than non-MSM (12% vs 53% respectively, P < 0.001) but more commonly used patient referral (41% MSM vs 9% non-MSM, P = 0.001). Of the 13 individuals found to be HIV-positive through contact tracing, nine (69%) were non-MSM.