The combined effect of cranial-nerve non-invasive neuromodulation with high-intensity physiotherapy on gait and balance in a patient with cerebellar degeneration: a case report Academic Article uri icon


  • Background:Cranial-nerve non-invasive neuromodulation (CN-NINM) using the portable neuromodulation stimulator (PoNS™) device has been proposed as a novel adjuvant intervention to improve efficacy of gait and balance. This device modulates input and output signals during motor tasks which prompts neuroplastic changes. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of physiotherapy using the PoNS™ in a case with cerebellar degeneration. Case presentation:The PoNS™ was used during a high-intensity physiotherapy programme delivered over 2 weeks (2 × 1.5 h sessions daily). Clinical and instrumented gait and balance tests were applied pre- and post-intervention. Results:The patient improved in all tests without any adverse effects. Conclusion:This study showed the efficacy and feasibility of combined high-intensity physiotherapy and CN-NINM for gait and balance rehabilitation. Further studies should explore CN-NINM effects in larger and more diverse samples of neurological patients.


  • Bastani, Andisheh
  • Cofré Lizama, L Eduardo
  • Zoghi, Maryam
  • Blashki, Grant
  • Davis, Stephen
  • Kaye, Andrew H
  • Khan, Fary
  • Galea, Mary P

publication date

  • 2018